The 05 File Project

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Industry Consulting
Location Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Introduction As combating terrorism is increasingly becoming complex and involves different dynamics, Kagusthan Ariaratnam has initiated The 05 File Project on November 23, 2015 in the wake of the Paris attack to engage the public to debate about how to approach the phenomena anew and to rethink strategy. Although counterterrorism operations most often require “hard power” apparatuses, which include intelligence, law, policing, and military power, it must increasingly make use of “soft power” tools that consist of political, social, cultural and economic control, together with broader policy initiatives dealing with the environment, development, critical infrastructure, migration, and humanitarian intervention, in which a nation’s civil society plays a vital role (Crelinsten, 2015). Obviously, Professor Joseph Nye, who coined the term “soft power”, reminded us that a viable civil society would help mitigate violence. As Nye concluded, a great nation’s interests in world politics can be better achieved through the use of “smart power”, a combination of both soft and hard power (Nye, 2004).